San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Our Patriarchal Basilicas Tour starts at the Papal Basilica of St. Paul outside the Walls, or Basilica Papale di San Paolo fuori le Mura. Originally founded by the emperor Constantine over the burial site of Saint Paul himself - the cella memoriae - and in its early days was also referred to as the Basilica of the three lords (Honorius, Taurinius and Herculanus). After many years of development, reconstruction and fortification required due to earthquakes, conquest and raids, a disastrous fire in 1823 lead to the near complete destruction of the basilica which was completely reconstructed and reopened in 1840. The vast and impressive complex still houses some of the most stunning mosaics and it’s setting and serene surroundings make it the ideal starting point for the Roman Patriarchal Basilicas Tour.